Accident, Injury and Medical Emergency Policy

Loughmore N.S. – School Accident/Injury/Medical Emergency Policy

Introduction:

This policy was drafted as a response to Health & Safety legislation in March 2012 by the whole school staff. This revised policy applies to all users of the school premises and for all school related activities.

Rationale:

The formulation of this policy enables our school to effectively:

  • Provide for the immediate needs and requirements of students who have sustained either a serious or a minor injury.

  • Ensure that adequate resources and arrangements are in place to deal with injuries/accidents as they arise.

  • Ensure lines of communication with parents/guardians are in place if required.

  • Activate a known plan of action with which all staff are familiar.

 

Roles and Responsibilities:

The overall responsibility for the day to day management of school supervision /routines rests with the Principal.  The class teacher is responsible for classroom supervision and staff members on yard duty are directly responsible for the supervision of pupils at break time.  The school’s Health, Safety and First Aid Officer is Mrs. Leona Doyle. Miss O’Brien is also the school’s Fire Drill Coordinator. Mrs. Dunne will deputise in their absence from either position.

School Ethos:

This policy re-enforces the elements of the school mission statement which advocates providing a safe and secure learning environment for each child and ensuring a duty of care at all times when the school is in operation.

Aims/Objectives:

  • To ensure the physical safety and well being of all staff and pupils.

  • To  develop a framework of procedures whereby all injuries are dealt with in a competent and safe manner.

  • To provide training for staff with the effective use of outside expertise so that children have access to proper interventions.

  • To comply with all legislation relating to safety and welfare at work.

 

Procedures:

Safety of pupils and staff is a priority for the Board of Management, and robust measures have been put in place to ensure no children or staff are put at risk;

  • A  comprehensive school Safety Statement is being drafted (March/April 2012) whereby all hazards are identified and remedial measures are outlined.

  • The pupils are insured under Brennan Insurance and a 24 hour policy is in place for all children.

  • The provision of specialist first aid training for staff has been identified as a priority by the school staff.

  • Each classroom teacher regularly instructs his/her class on issues relating to safety in the class/yard.  Whole      school assemblies are regularly held, at which children are reminded to play safely/comply with school safety rules and code of behaviour. Dangerous practices such as throwing stones, engaging in “horseplay”, etc. are      subject to sanctions (see School Code of Behaviour Policy/Discipline Policy).

  • Certain procedures are in place in the event of accidents.

  • There are at least two adults on yard duty at break times.

Minor Accident/Injury

The injured party is initially looked after by the adult on yard duty.  If deemed necessary, the child will be taken to the staffroom.  No medicines are administered but cuts are cleaned with non-alcohol, antiseptic wipes and bandages/plasters applied if deemed appropriate.  The use of plastic gloves is advised at all times.

 

More Serious Accidents/Injuries

If considered safe to do so, the injured party is taken to the staffroom.  Parents/guardians are immediately informed, particularly if there is a suspicion of broken bones/head or eye injuries.  The child is kept under intense observation until parents /guardians arrive, with the emphasis on making the child as comfortable and as settled as possible.

Very Serious Injuries

In the event of a very serious injury, parents/guardians are immediately contacted.  If the considered opinion of the staff is that immediate professional help is required, an ambulance is called.  On rare occasions the staff may agree that taking the child to Accident & Emergency in a private car is a more prudent option particularly in the case of rapid blood loss.  Parents are kept informed of developing situations.

 

 

Categories of Injury/School Procedures

 

Minor Cuts and Bruises

Method:

In all cases of injury it is understood that there are at least two adults on yard duty.

  • Reassure child.

  • Clean  around cuts using non-alcohol, antiseptic wipe/cloth, cleaning from the centre outwards.

  • Gloves are used at all times to reduce risk of spread of infection.

  • A  check is carried out to locate small bodies which may be embedded in the wound.

  • Plaster,  gauze or lint is placed on the wound.

  • Teacher observation is maintained.

  • Accidents are recorded in the Accident Book in the Office/Yard Duty book in yard duty First Aid Kit.  

  • Parents are contacted if deemed necessary.

  • Children are advised to show/tell parents/guardians.

 

Sprains/Bruises

Method:

 

  • In  the event of a sprain/bruise, the process of rest, cold-pack/ice, compress and elevate is implemented.

  • If  in doubt, parent/s are contacted.

  • Teacher observation is maintained.

 

Faints and Shocks

 

  • Lie the casualty down.

  • Raise the legs above the level of the heart.

  • Loosen any tight clothing.

  • Ensure there is fresh air.

  • Keep crowds away.

  • Reassure casualty when they recover.

  • Contact parents/guardians.

  • The event is subsequently recorded in the Accident Book.

Severe Bleeding

  • Act instantly – Get Help!

  • Set or lie the injured party down.

  • Press down on wound using suitable dressing and gloves.

  • Lift (if possible) the injured part above the level of the heart.

  • Put  a clean dressing over the wound and secure it firmly with a bandage.

  • If  blood shows through the dressing then place another one over the first and bandage firmly.

  • Treat for shock – keep warm, reassure pupil.

  • Contact parents/guardians.

  • If  very serious contact casualty immediately.

  • Record in accident book. Fill in accident report form. File in accident folder in office.

Burns/Scalds

 

  • Immediately  remove child from danger area.

  • Cool burnt area with cold running water.

  • Remove tight fitting accessories.

  • Do  not remove objects stuck to skin.

  • In  the event  of a minor burn use a special burn gauze/burneze.

Unconsciousness

 

  • Ring for medical help.

  • ABC – check Airway is open/unobstructed, check for Breathing and Circulation.

  • Check for visible injury , being cognizant of the possibility of broken bones, neck or back injury.

  • Place child in recovery position if ABC are ok, and there no risk of spinal injury.

  • Ring for parents.

  • If  subject is not breathing, artificial respiration is applied.

  • Other children are kept away.

 

Stings/Bites

 

  • Vinegar  is used for wasp stings.

  • Bread soda is used for bee stings.

  • Waspeaze may also be used on either bee/wasp stings if deemed necessary.

  • If  a case is serious, parent/s are contacted.

 

Allergic reactions

 

  • If  the school has been furnished with the correct medication, administration of medicine form and letter of indemnity, a designated member of staff  will administer such medication to a child who is allergic to bee/wasp      stings/nuts/etc. in the event of them having an allergic reaction to the same. Parents will be contacted in all such cases.

Asthma/other medical conditions

  • All parents/Guardians  will be asked to furnish the school with relevant medical information pertaining to their child on enrolment. If the child has a medical condition which requires the administration of medication (regularly or  occasionally), the school’s Administration of Medication Policy must be complied with fully.

The First Aid Policy is based on collective teacher input.  The teacher/adult on yard duty is automatically assisted by others in the case of a serious injury. The level of first aid assistance given in the case of an accident/medical emergency will depend on the level of training of the adult supervising.

Resources:

The staffroom is equipped with a First Aid cabinet. The contents of this cabinet are replenished when deemed necessary by the Health and Safety Officer or some other designated staff member.

Record Keeping:

All accidents/injuries are recorded in the Accident Report Book which is located in the office.  One Accident Report Book covers all children in the school.  Teachers are encouraged to keep a separate copy of the accident report relating to injuries sustained by children in their class.  The accident report book should note the date and time of accident, witnesses, nature of injuries, a brief description of the circumstance of the accident, procedures followed by staff etc.  Very serious injuries will be notified to the schools insurers – Special Incident Report Form. A copy of this form will be kept in the Accident folder in the office.  Relevant medical information on all pupils is obtained at time of enrolment.  A particular section of the enrolment form asks parents to list allergies and other medical conditions their child may have. Parents will be asked to keep the school updated on their child’s condition and also to keep any medication in date. Sole responsibility for this rests with the child’s parents/guardians.

Evaluation:

The success of this policy is measured from set criteria;

  • Maintaining a relatively accident free school environment.

  • Positive  feedback from staff, parents, children.

  • Continual yard observation of behaviour by all staff engaged in supervision duties.

  • Monitoring and evaluation at staff meetings.

Ratification:

This policy was ratified by the BoM on 26th April 2012.

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